Principal Investigator: 
Andrew Mowen (
Penn State University
Low Lake Erie water levels exert a direct effect on a broad range of recreation “stakeholders.” Detrimental effects include (1) increased hazards to near‐shore, marina, and ramp navigation and (2) associated damage or danger to recreational boats and boaters. Potential beneficial effects include broader beaches for beach goers. The effects on beach swimmers and recreational fishing will likely be varied and site dependent. Most climate models now predict Erie lake levels will fall by more than a foot by 2030 and even more towards the end of this century. Resource managers within the Great Lakes region have long recognized that unstable or lowering water levels have consequences on recreation behaviors. For example, recreationists may seek other areas to develop their businesses and recreational activities following a decrease in user satisfaction. This research seeks to assess the types of coping or adaptation strategies used by outdoor recreationists and stakeholders (stakeholders) in the face of lowering Lake Erie water levels along the Pennsylvanian coastline. Results can be used to develop site‐specific adaptive management strategies to facilitate the continued use and long‐term resiliency of the State’s boating, fishing, and swimming recreational resources.
Research Year: 
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Current or Past research?: 
Past Research

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